Gobi is a Mongolian word, it means very vast dry place. Gobi desert covers part of southern Mongolian part and of northern and northwestern China. It is the biggest desert region in Asia and 5th biggest desert region in the world. It says, that the Himalaya’s high mountain range blocks rain-carrying clouds from Indian Ocean to Gobi region. That’s why, in gobi region rain is less and average rain fall is only 195 mm in a year. The climate is very extreme, the average temperatrure is +30º in summer and -40º in winter. But, there are many kinds of rare plants and rare animals, such as wild horses, wild sheep, ibex, wild camels, black-tailed gazelle. Over 250 species of plant grows in this region including medicinal plants and trees.
Southgobi is the largest province in Mongolia, but has a population density of 0.3 persons per square km. Also it is home of two-humped Bactrian camels.
It is also known as a global excavation sites of dinosaur fossils. American paleontologist Roy Chapman Andrews first discovered fossil beds of dinosaur eggs in Bayanzag in 1922. Khermen Tsav is the most famous place with its findings of complete skeletons of different kinds of dinosaurs. These places calls many adventure seekers and explorers to the gobi.